A private detective, a private investigator, or investigation agent, is someone who is able to be employed by people, organizations or NGOs to undertake investigative, private security services. Private detectives usually work for lawyers in criminal and civil cases. They are highly trained experts with an objective of finding the truth by means of several means. These include the use of different methods of surveillance such as undercover surveillance, video cameras and GPS tracking devices. They can also follow people, as and when they go out of their houses or offices.
In addition, investigators must be proficient with computers, calligraphy, handwriting analysis, field mapping, surveillance photography, intelligence gathering, investigations, and other methods. In fact, most private detectives are considered to be experts in a particular area. However, this does not mean that they are proficient only in this area. Instead, they should be able to gather facts and evidence from many sources in order to come up with reliable reports. Usually, private detectives specialize in either surveillance or criminology. They use a variety of techniques in order to carry out investigations that are both lawful and ethical.
Surveillance involves following and recording the activity of an individual or group, either on film or video. Video surveillance helps in finding evidence of criminal activities such as robberies, murders, sexual assaults, kidnapping, drug dealing, etc. For this purpose, private detectives employ hidden cameras, video cameras, watches, GPS trackers, and other tools that help them in finding evidence. Such investigations are known as undercover investigations.
Besides surveillance, private detectives also use other computer forensics tools to investigate crimes. One such example is the use of computer forensics. It involves the extraction of deleted files, trace email addresses, lookup passwords, and obtain evidence through digital forensics. Computer forensics is extensively used for gathering evidence from computer systems. For instance, emails can be recovered and retrieved, hidden web Credentials can be unmasked, remote images can be extracted and analyzed, etc. Computer forensics has emerged as a special branch of criminal justice.
Besides investigations, private detectives also undertake investigations to locate missing persons. For this purpose, they may use covert and physical techniques. For instance, they may place missing person ads in local newspapers or bulletin boards. Another way to locate people is to use GPS locators. Private investigators may also conduct private searches in public places such as bookstores, convenience stores, banks, offices, malls, etc.
Another important task of a private detective is tracking down missing people. It can be a very difficult and stressing experience to find a loved one who has simply disappeared. Private detectives have several years of experience in this field of expertise. With this expertise, they can track down a missing person. Depending on the agency that they are working for, they may employ several investigators to help them find the missing person.
In the United States, the private detectives are required to meet state licensing requirements. These requirements vary from state to state. Most states require private detectives to at least hold a bachelor’s degree in criminal justice. The certification is also offered by many professional organizations, in most cases at the state or county level. Private detectives may be required to obtain other licenses before they can work on investigative cases that require them to use surveillance equipment. In some cases, federal government agencies may also require private detectives to take further courses and earn additional certifications.
As discussed above, private detectives may be required to hold national licenses in some states. Although this requirement may seem very strict, it does not mean that these professionals are not licensed. In fact, many states require private detectives to have licenses to practice. Each state has its own private detective licensing board that checks to make sure that the private detective is licensed and meets all other requirements.