A private investigator, an individual private investigator, or private questioning agent, is someone who can be employed by people, organizations or NGOs to undertake private investigative service. Private investigators are also frequently employed by lawyers in criminal and civil matters. Private detectives usually carry out several specific types of investigation, including financial investigation and intelligence and investigative practices. This article provides basic information about the role of private investigators and the different types of investigation they can undertake. It briefly covers the different types of private investigation and their specific areas of specialization. Private investigators can be categorized into two main categories.
Corporate investigators specialize in corporate and accounting surveillance. They perform background checks, provide reports and analyses on the subject of the investigation, and provide legal advice to corporations as needed. Corporate investigators also help investigate mergers and acquisitions.
Employed by the government as undercover agents, these private investigators can get information from people about government activities without permission. For example, they can secretly record conversations about employees, spies, terrorists, and environmental issues. They can even get information from suspected infringements of intellectual property.
The second type of investigator is that of the private investigator who works for law enforcement officers. The focus of this type of investigator is to gather evidence against a suspect for the purpose of either trial or arrest. These investigations are undertaken as part of a private law enforcement officer’s duty to protect the public from crimes. A private investigator can also secretly video tape, photograph or track a suspected crime scene.
Private investigators are divided further into two main types: hired investigators and independent contractors. A hired investigator is someone whose services are contracted by another person, company or organization. He is paid a fee by the other person. On the other hand, an independent contractor is a freelance professional whose services are hired on a contractual basis. He is paid a set fee for conducting investigations.
Private surveillance uses the services of many types of private investigators. The most common type is the hired investigator. Hired investigators are employed by private companies and law enforcement agencies for specific reasons. Companies hire them to track down stolen assets, coordinate corporate crime, and collect financial evidence. Law enforcement officers, meanwhile, use private investigators to catch criminals and keep them from committing future offenses.
For private investigators to serve well, they need to be very careful in how they perform their job. For example, to gather evidence against a suspected crime, an investigator must act within the boundaries of the law. He cannot just follow the law enforcement officers to the scene of the crime or write reports from there. In some states, an investigator has to inform his client about any potential snags in the investigation. If he violates these regulations, he may be charged with obstruction of justice, which is a serious crime.
Besides surveillance, private investigators use technology to get information from sources that are hard to access or impossible to monitor. For example, in a human rights case, investigators might install a digital recording device on a defendant’s computer or collect a digital recording of the suspect’s voice to use later as evidence in court. A private investigator’s job goes beyond mere surveillance. Today, thanks to the Internet, email, text messaging, and social media accounts can all be used against people.
Technology has also allowed private investigators to spy on their subjects for hours on end, day in and day out. A couple of decades ago, it would have been impossible for private investigators to do this because they had to take photos of everything and take photos of subjects in a controlled environment, usually with lighting and recorded sounds. However, technology has made it possible to take photos without taking the time to do all the planning. Now, a private investigator can literally take photos of anything and put it online for anyone to see. For example, social media account like Twitter can be used to record conversations.
Another aspect of private investigators operating within the confines of the law is the issue of illegal activity. There is a difference between conducting a legitimate investigation and conducting illegal activities. Private investigators are not allowed to lie to law enforcement officials in any way, nor are they allowed to misuse power. In order for a private investigator to get caught in this kind of behavior, the law enforcement officer that they are working for will need to revoke their private investigators license. If they do not do this, then a law enforcement officer can make them go to jail for misusing power, which is a serious charge indeed.
Illegalities and ethical issues aside, private investigators offer a valuable service to the public. They help people figure out the facts, get important information, and collect evidence to use in court. For example, if you are involved in a hit and run, a private investigator could recover cell phone records to get information that helps you prove who was at fault. If you feel that your spouse is cheating on you, a private investigator may take pictures of any signs that suggest they are cheating. On top of everything else, private investigators offer their services for a bargain, so if you ever feel like hiring one, try to get it for a lower price so you don’t have to go broke hiring the entire office for an investigation.